About Dutch pop songs, ballads and chansons
The (Dutch) singing and music tradition changed enormously from the 20th century onward. Since the emergence of the gramophone records, LP's, radio's, cassette tapes, cd's, music television channels, videoclips, car head units, walkmans/discmans/iPods and other developments, the singing culture changed from an oral tradition -people singing themselves- to a primarily listening tradition -people listen to performing artists-.
The first well-known performers of Dutch songs, in the 1920's and 1930's, were artists like Louis Davids, Willy Derby and Lou Bandy. Most of them started as street singer, revue artist or cabaret artist in the theatre. Besides the theatre they became well-known from the radio and/or records.
From these theatre songs and street songs traditions, developed three genres in the area of the Dutch songs: (1) the theatre song or cabaret song ('cabaretlied'); (2) the chanson or listening song ('luisterlied'); (3) and the life song ('levenslied'). The first two are called 'small art' ('kleinkunst', quality songs from the theatre or on records), the latter is called 'common people's music' ('volksmuziek' from -mainly Amsterdam- cafes and later on records).
In the fifties and sixties pop music became very popular, first of all of English speaking artists. In their footsteps also Dutch pop and rock was made (for example by Peter Koelewijn), but most artists sang in English (The Cats, Shocking Blue, Golden Earring and many others). It's not until the eighties that Dutch singing pop groups became very popular ('Nederpop'), including Doe Maar, Het Goede Doel, Drukwerk, Frank Boeijen Group, Klein Orkest and Toontje Lager.
By Rozemarijn van Leeuwen
Album art of the record
Yes nurse, no nurse (ca. 1968).
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